Obesity, alcohol & exercise
Nutrition, obesity, alcohol consumption & exercise & cancer
Being overweight or obese is a risk factor for cancer of the bowel, kidney, pancreas, oesophagus and endometrium, as well as breast cancer in post-menopausal women.A The levels of overweight and obesity are steadily increasing in Australia. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, 63.9% of Tasmanian adults were overweight and obese and 71.7% of Tasmanians aged 15 and up are sedentary or have a low exercise level.I
Lifestyle & Cancer
“In 2003, the World Health Organisation (WHO) Report on Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases confirmed that poor diet and lack of physical activity are second only to tobacco as theoretically preventable causes of cancer.4 Appropriate diet, body weight and physical activity could prevent approximately one third of the most common cancers in industrialised countries.5 Alcohol is a risk factor for cancer of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, oesophagus, breast, colorectum and liver.3, 6”
Cancer Council. Lifestyle and Cancer- What do we know? A guide for health professionals.
Food, nutrition, physical activity & the prevention of cancer
Policy and Action for Cancer Prevention- Food, nutrition, physical activity, and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective is am evidence-based policy report published by the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) in 2009. The matrix below is a summary of the expert panel’s judgements:
Alcohol & Cancer Risk
“Consumption of alcoholic drinks is a risk factor for cancer of the mouth, throat (larynx and pharynx), oesophagus, bowel (colon and rectum), liver and female breast… Cancer Council recommends: no more than two standard drinks a day; avoid binge drinking (a single occasion of heavy drinking); and have at least one or two alcohol-free days every week to reduce your risk of cancer… [Alcohol] was classified by the World Health Organization International Agency for Research on Cancer as a Group 1 carcinogen. This is the highest classification available and means that this is a cause of cancer.”
Cancer Council Victoria July 2011. Alcohol and cancer risk.
Management of weight in children & adolescents